White Power (im Sinne von: Weiße Macht) ist ein oft verwendeter Schlüsselbegriff in der Neonaziszene. Der Begriff White Power und das Symbol der. Die Geste ist mittlerweile umstritten, weil Rechtsradikale aus der Handform ein "wp" ablesen und als verdecktes Symbol für "white power". Lesen Sie jetzt „Wirbel um angeblich rechtsextreme Geste bei "hart aber fair"“. Szene für die Buchstaben «w» und «p» - also «white power».
White PowerWhite Power (im Sinne von: Weiße Macht) ist ein oft verwendeter Schlüsselbegriff in der Neonaziszene. Der Begriff White Power und das Symbol der. Gesten oder Handzeichen bedeuten nicht überall dasselbe. Auch Richard Spencer, ein White-Supremacy-Aktivist, posiert mit der Geste und. Doch in jüngster Zeit wurde die Okay-Geste auch mit Anhängern der rassistischen "White Supremacy"-Ideologien in Verbindung gebracht.
White Supremacy Geste Main navigation Bottom Header VideoLicence to Hate: White Supremacy in the US - Fault Lines
White supremacy and the many forms of racism it employs is infused into our social structure, our institutions, our worldviews, beliefs, knowledge, and ways of interacting with each other.
It's even encoded into some of our holidays, like Columbus Day, which celebrates a racist perpetrator of genocide.
The white supremacy of our society is evident in the fact that whites maintain a structural advantage over people of color in nearly every aspect of life.
White people maintain an educational advantage , an income advantage , a wealth advantage , and a political advantage. White supremacy is also evident in the way communities of color are systematically over-policed in terms of unjust harassment and unlawful arrest and brutalization , and under-policed in terms of police failing to serve and protect ; and in the way that experiencing racism takes a societal-wide negative toll on the life expectancy of Black people.
Since the s, racist skinheads have committed a number of murders in the United States. One typical example is that of Vinlanders Social Club members Aaron Schmidt and Travis Ricci, who encountered a multi-racial couple in Phoenix in In , Schmidt pleaded guilty to 2nd degree murder and other charges in connection with the incident; Ricci has yet to face trial.
An even more shocking example of racist skinhead violence is that of Wade Michael Page, a racist skinhead who played in several hate music bands and eventually became a fully-patched member of the Confederate Hammerskins.
In , Page attacked a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, going on a shooting rampage that left six people dead and four more injured.
Page shot and killed himself after being wounded by one of the arriving police officers. The racist skinhead movement enjoyed a spurt of the growth in the mids, aided in part by the simultaneously-declining neo-Nazi movement, but that growth leveled off in the s and the movement has been largely stagnant in recent years.
It also refers to the many unaffiliated individuals with the same constellation of beliefs. Today, the Klan is simply a type of hate group.
There are actually between completely separate and independent Klan groups in the United States—the exact number may even vary month to month as small Klan groups form or fall apart—ranging from Klan groups that claim a presence in a number of states to tiny Klans focused on a single local area.
These groups have a presence mainly in the South. Klan groups have a presence in the South as well, but they are also active in the Midwest and, to a lesser extent, in the Mid-Atlantic States.
In New England and in the West, Klan groups tend to be weak, small, and short-lived. The large proportion of new Klan groups does not indicate growth in the Klan—far from it.
Klan groups have been in a long-term decline since the s, as they lost their battle against civil rights for African-Americans.
Occasionally, Klan groups may slow or even arrest that decline, such as during a surge of right-wing extremism, but then the decline will resume.
The result is a collection of Klan groups that have great difficult even maintaining themselves, which is why most such groups do not last very long before fragmenting or falling apart.
When new Klan groups do emerge, they tend to grow by swallowing or poaching the membership of a previous or weaker Klan group. One of the clearest signs of Klan decline is the considerable decrease in public Klan rallies.
Many Klan groups simply no longer have the membership necessary to hold public demonstrations or protests.
In the s, one could find without too much difficulty Klan rallies in which members participated. By the s, most Klan rallies had a couple of dozen attendees at most, though the number of rallies was still relatively high.
In the s, even the number of Klan rallies has greatly declined. In , 20 years later, there were only around 10 confirmed Klan rallies across the United States Klan groups have claimed a few additional events, but no confirmation can be found that they actually took place.
In lieu of such rallies, Klan groups have changed their tactics, seeking ways to generate publicity and attention that can be accomplished with a minimum of members.
The tactic chosen by two of the larger and more active Klan groups—the Traditionalist American Knights, headquartered in Missouri, and the Loyal White Knights, based in North Carolina—has been spreading Klan fliers in local neighborhoods.
Fliering is an effective tactic for these groups because it takes only a single Klan member or sympathizer to perform a distribution which will typically target from 20 to homes, or perhaps all the cars in a parking lot , but the fliers often generate considerable interest from local media, which is spread further via social media.
When Klan fliers are discovered, upset residents contact the media, whose subsequent news stories spread the news of the fliering far beyond the few neighborhood residents who received any hate literature.
It is this publicity that is the ultimate goal for these Klan groups. To help insure they get it, some flier distributors have taken to weighing down their Klan fliers with pieces of candy or small toys.
This tactic is intended to outrage parents and make them more likely to contact law enforcement or the media, the latter of which is typically the true target.
Media coverage often elicits the specter of a rising, increasingly powerful Klan. Since the beginning of , there have been more than different fliering incidents across the country, the vast majority carried out by the Traditional American Knights and the Loyal White Knights.
The two major non-Klan groups, the Council of Conservative Citizens and the League of South, have also suffered a loss of membership.
In the s, the Council was prominent enough to attract attention from mainstream conservative politicians. The appearances of Barr and Lott before the group prompted a scandal in when revealed.
Because of the scandal, GOP chair Jim Nicholson, calling the group racist, instructed all Republican candidates and public officials to sever ties with the Council.
Even then, not all politicians rushed to distance themselves from the group. Today, the Council does not even bother to list local chapters on its website—presumably because it has an embarrassingly small number to list.
Nevertheless, despite its small size, the Council of Conservative Citizens still has had the ability to spew hate and to influence would-be white supremacists, an effect demonstrated in June when the manifesto attributed to Dylann Storm Roof credited the Council as a major influence.
The League of the South, a racist neo-Confederate group that has called for secession, has also lost ground, though perhaps less so than the Council.
The League has reacted in part by becoming more radical and more openly racist. As the League has become more openly racist, its membership has also changed somewhat, attracting a larger proportion of younger members, some of whom have organized or participated in League of the South demonstrations and events.
For example, the League has organized around 25 demonstrations in the last three years, an increase from previous years. Whereas in the s, in many parts of the country Klan groups were almost the only option for would-be white supremacists, today they are just one of many options—and are sometimes considered outdated or obsolete.
Meanwhile, the rise of white supremacist prison gangs in the South and Midwest has the potential to cut into the population base from which Klan groups derive their membership.
The long-term prospects are not very bright for the Klan and its like-minded extremists. Christian Identity is a religious sect whose roots extend back well into the 19th century.
By the midth century, some adherents of British Israelism began to adopt racist and anti-Semitic interpretations of scripture; these ideas evolved into what is now called Christian Identity.
As pioneers such as Wesley Swift spread these hateful beliefs, Christian Identity became firmly entrenched in the extreme right in the United States.
In fact, many of the major conspiracies and violent acts by right-wing extremists in the s, s, and s can be attributed in whole or in part to adherents of Christian Identity, including shooting sprees, bombings and bomb plots, and armed robberies.
Christian Identity mingled with neo-Nazis, through groups such as Aryan Nations; it appealed to many racist skinheads; and it took root in a number of Klan groups, some of which became exclusively Christian Identity in nature.
During the surge of right-wing extremism in the s, a number of Christian Identity leaders, including Richard Butler, Pete Peters and Mark Thomas, riled up their followers and stoked their anger.
As the right-wing passions of the s ebbed, however, so too did the fervor that had gripped the Christian Identity movement during that period.
A number of once-prominent Identity leaders died in the s—among them Butler, Peters, Neumann Britton, and Earl Jones, while others became inactive through advanced age or imprisonment in the case of Thomas.
The result was that, in the s, many Christian Identity adherents retreated back into reclusiveness. The available evidence suggests that Christian Identity has been stagnant for some years, neither appreciably increasing nor decreasing in size.
Christian Identity adherents are spread so thinly around the country that actual, physical churches are relatively rare; the Internet has been a boon to Identity adherents, replacing earlier methods of disseminating Identity ideas, such as shortwave radio programs and cassette tape ministries.
Though far less active than they were in the s, Christian Identity adherents in the s have nevertheless engaged in violent acts from time to time, from firebombing synagogues to torching mosques.
The most highly-publicized recent act of Christian Identity-related violence occurred in late , when Larry Steven McQuilliams opened fire in the early morning hours in downtown Austin, Texas, firing more than rounds at targets ranging from the Mexican consulate to the headquarters of the Austin Police Department.
He had also tried to burn down the consulate building. An Austin police officer shot and killed McQuilliams, possibly saving many lives in the process.
Extremism A concept used to describe religious, social or political belief systems that exist substantially outside of belief systems more broadly accepted in society i.
Christian Identity Christian Identity is a religious sect and one of the longstanding segments of the white supremacist movement.
Domestic Terrorism Terrorism is a pre-planned act or attempted act of significant violence by one or more non-state actors in order to further an ideological, social or religious cause, or to harm perceived opponents of such causes.
Radical Right See Extreme Right; the terms are synonymous. Far Right See Extreme Right; the terms are mostly synonymous. Hate Crime A hate crime is a criminal act against a person or property in which the perpetrator chooses the victim because of the victim's real or perceived race, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability or gender.
Holocaust Denial Holocaust Denial is a type of antisemitic propaganda that emerged after World War II and which uses pseudo-history to deny the reality of the systematic mass murder of six million Jews by the Nazis and their allies during World War II.
Neo-Nazis Neo-Nazis are one of the main segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States and many other countries. Racist Skinheads Racist skinheads are a variation of the skinhead subculture that arose in Great Britain the late s and early s and have come to compose one of the major segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States.
Traditional White Supremacists Traditional white supremacists are one of the major segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States, as well as the oldest.
White Supremacist Prison Gang White supremacist prison gangs constitute one of the main segments of the white supremacist movement in the United States.
Nevertheless, white supremacists in the United States and throughout the world ultimately were unable to defend the laws that ensured white domination.
The last regimes to institutionalize doctrines of white supremacy through comprehensive legislation were Rhodesia , which changed its name to Zimbabwe after its white minority finally ceded power in , and South Africa , whose apartheid system was dismantled in the s.
Despite the demise of segregationist and discriminatory laws throughout the Western world and in Africa, white supremacy has survived as a populist doctrine.
Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI warned that white supremacist groups and right-wing militias in the country were winning new recruits by stoking fears of gun control and expanded welfare rolls and by exploiting resentment created by the economic recession that began in late Some observers of the movements, however, were skeptical of those claims.
In early the presidential campaign of the real-estate developer Donald J. White supremacy Article Additional Info.
As a political ideology , it imposes and maintains social , political , historical , or institutional domination by white people. This ideology has been put into effect through socioeconomic and legal structures such as the Atlantic slave trade , Jim Crow laws in the United States , the White Australia policies from the s to the mids, and apartheid in South Africa.
Since the early s, the White power movement has been committed to overthrowing the United States government and establishing a white homeland using paramilitary tactics.
In academic usage, particularly in critical race theory or intersectionality , "white supremacy" can also refer to a social system in which white people enjoy structural advantages privilege over other ethnic groups, on both a collective and individual level, despite formal legal equality.
White supremacy has ideological foundations that date back to 17th-century scientific racism , the predominant paradigm of human variation that helped shape international relations and racial policy from the latter part of the Age of Enlightenment until the late 20th century marked by decolonization and the abolition of apartheid in South Africa in , followed by that country's first multiracial elections in White supremacy was dominant in the United States both before and after the American Civil War , and it also persisted for decades after the Reconstruction Era.
Frank Baum wrote: "The Whites, by law of conquest , by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians.
The Naturalization Act of limited U. Professor Leland T. Saito of the University of Southern California writes: "Throughout the history of the United States, race has been used by whites for legitimizing and creating difference and social, economic and political exclusion.
The denial of social and political freedom to minorities continued into the midth century, resulting in the civil rights movement. After the mids, white supremacy remained an important ideology to the American far-right.
Some academics argue that outcomes from the United States Presidential Election reflect ongoing challenges with white supremacy.
Psychologist Janet Helms suggested that the normalizing behaviors of social institutions of education, government, and healthcare are organized around the "birthright of On July 23, , Christopher A.
Wray , the head of the FBI , said at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing that the agency had made around domestic terrorism arrests since October 1, , and that the majority of them were connected in some way with white supremacy.
Wray said that the Bureau was "aggressively pursuing [domestic terrorism] using both counterterrorism resources and criminal investigative resources and partnering closely with our state and local partners," but said that it was focused on the violence itself and not on its ideological basis.
A similar number of arrests had been made for instances of international terrorism. In the past, Wray has said that white supremacy was a significant and "pervasive" threat to the U.
On September 20, , the acting Secretary of Homeland Security , Kevin McAleenan , announced his department's revised strategy for counter-terrorism, which included a new emphasis on the dangers inherent in the white supremacy movement.
McAleenan called white supremacy one of the most "potent ideologies" behind domestic terrorism-related violent acts. In a speech at the Brookings Institution , McAleenan cited a series of high-profile shooting incidents, and said "In our modern age, the continued menace of racially based violent extremism, particularly white supremacist extremism, is an abhorrent affront to the nation, the struggle and unity of its diverse population.
White supremacy has also played a part in U. Over the course of the 19th , 20th , and 21st centuries, material across the spectrum of academic disciplines has been taught with an overemphasis on White culture, contributions, and experiences, and a corresponding underrepresentation of non-White groups' perspectives and accomplishments.
He states that the language used to tell history minimizes the violent acts committed by White people over the centuries, citing the use of the words "discovery," "colonization," and " New World " when describing what was ultimately a European conquest of the western hemisphere and its indigenous peoples as examples.
In an analysis of American history textbooks, she highlights word choices that repetitively "normalize" slavery and the inhumane treatment of Black people p.
She also notes the frequent showcasing of White abolitionists and actual exclusion of Black abolitionists, as well as the fact that Black Americans had been mobilizing for abolition for centuries before the major White American push for abolition in the 19th century.
She ultimately asserts the presence of a masternarrative that centers Europe and its associated peoples White people in school curriculum, particularly as it pertains to history.
Elson provides detailed information about the historic dissemination of simplistic and negative ideas about non-White races.
White culture, at the turn of the 20th century. White supremacy has been depicted in music videos , feature films , documentaries , journal entries, and on social media.
The silent drama film The Birth of a Nation followed the rising racial, economic, political, and geographic tensions leading up to the Emancipation Proclamation and the Southern Reconstruction era that was the genesis of the Ku Klux Klan.
David Duke , a former Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan , believed that the Internet was going to create a "chain reaction of racial enlightenment that will shake the world.
There certainly were hate groups before the Internet and social media. It could be to raise money, or it could be to engage in attacks on social media.
Some of the activity is virtual. Some of it is in a physical place. Social media has lowered the collective-action problems that individuals who might want to be in a hate group would face.
You can see that there are people out there like you. That's the dark side of social media. With the emergence of Twitter in , and platforms such as Stormfront which was launched in , an alt-right portal for white supremacists with similar beliefs, both adults and children, was provided in which they were given a way to connect.
Daniels discussed the emergence of other social media outlets such as 4chan and Reddit , which meant that the "spread of white nationalist symbols and ideas could be accelerated and amplified.
In the latest wave of white supremacy, in the age of the Internet, Blee sees the movement as having primarily become a virtual one, in which divisions between groups become blurred: "[A]ll these various groups that get jumbled together as the alt-right and people who have come in from the more traditional neo-Nazi world.
We're in a very different world now. A series on YouTube hosted by the grandson of Thomas Robb , the national director of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, "presents the Klan's ideology in a format aimed at kids — more specifically, white kids.
A sign that greets people who enter the town states " Diversity is a code for white genocide. The comic book super hero Captain America , in an ironic co-optation, has been used for dog whistle politics by the alt-right in college campus recruitment in In , Winston Churchill told the Palestine Royal Commission : "I do not admit for instance, that a great wrong has been done to the Red Indians of America or the black people of Australia.
I do not admit that a wrong has been done to these people by the fact that a stronger race, a higher-grade race, a more worldly wise race to put it that way, has come in and taken their place.
A number of Southern African nations experienced severe racial tension and conflict during global decolonization , particularly as white Africans of European ancestry fought to protect their preferential social and political status.
Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under the Dutch Empire , and it continued when the British took over the Cape of Good Hope in Apartheid was introduced as an officially structured policy by the Afrikaner -dominated National Party after the general election of Apartheid's legislation divided inhabitants into four racial groups—"black", "white", "coloured", and "Indian", with coloured divided into several sub-classifications.
In Rhodesia a predominantly white government issued its own unilateral declaration of independence from the United Kingdom during an unsuccessful attempt to avoid immediate majority rule.
Nazism promoted the idea of a superior Germanic people or Aryan race in Germany during the early 20th century.BBC News. John McWhorter has described the Aldi Mah Jong 2 of "white supremacy" as Beliebte Iphone Spiele from its commonly accepted meaning to encompass less extreme issues, thereby cheapening the term and potentially derailing productive discussion. On 27 Augustthe shooter was sentenced to life without parole.