Scottish Premiership (Liga, Schottland) ⬢ Spieltag ⬢ Ergebnisse, Spiele und Termine zum Spieltag ⬢ Alle Tabellen ⬢ Live-Ticker. Die Scottish Premier League (kurz: SPL) war von 19die höchste Fußballliga in Schottland. Sie wurde, nach dem Hauptsponsor Clydesdale Bank,. Champions League Quali. Europa Conference League. Relegation. Abstieg. Ergebnisse & Tabellen» · Tabellenrechner».
Scottish PremiershipDer aktuelle Spieltag und die Tabelle der schottischen Premier League / Alle Spiele und Live Ergebnisse des Spieltages im Überblick. Die Scottish Premiership (Sponsorenname Ladbrokes Premiership) ist seit die höchste Fußballliga in Schottland und eine Division der Scottish Professional Football League. Sie wurde als Nachfolger für die Scottish Premier League im Juli Champions League Quali. Europa Conference League. Relegation. Abstieg. Ergebnisse & Tabellen» · Tabellenrechner».
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Segui i suggerimenti del progetto di riferimento. Portale Calcio. That format had been used in the Scottish Premier Division but was considered to be too high a number of matches in a league season.
A season, which runs from August except in —12 , when that season began in July until May, was divided into two phases. During the first phase, each club played three matches against every other team, either once at home and twice away, or vice versa.
After this first phase of matches, by which time all clubs had played 33 matches, the league split into a "top six" and a "bottom six".
Each club then played a further five matches against the other five teams in their own section. Points achieved during the first phase of 33 matches were carried forward to the second phase, but the teams competed only within their own sections during the second phase.
After the first phase was completed, clubs could not move out of their own section in the league, even if they achieved more or fewer points than a higher or lower ranked team, respectively.
At the beginning of each season, the SPL "predicted" the likely positions of each club in order to produce a fixture schedule that ensured the best possible chance of all clubs playing each other twice at home and twice away.
This was known as the league seeding and was based on clubs' performance in previous years. For example, one club would sometimes play another three times at home and once away.
There was criticism of the split season format. However, the SPL defended the split format, dismissing the possibility of expanding the league due to a lack of strong enough clubs within the Scottish Football League.
The bottom placed SPL club at the end of the season was relegated, and swapped places with the winner of the Scottish First Division , provided that the winner satisfied the SPL entry criteria.
These promotion criteria sometimes caused controversy. In , the chairmen of the member clubs voted against Falkirk 's proposed ground share with Airdrie United and stopped the club from having the 10, capacity stadium it required, therefore saving Motherwell from relegation.
The same situation nearly materialised in After several votes and discussion, including threats of court cases from Partick Thistle , the team threatened with relegation, Inverness Caledonian Thistle were promoted on the basis that they would ground share with Aberdeen at Pittodrie.
No team outside the Old Firm has won the Scottish league championship since Until Rangers were ejected from the SPL due to their liquidation , there was only one SPL season —06 where both clubs failed to occupy first and second positions, with Hearts finishing second behind Celtic.
The average home attendances of both clubs is significantly higher than the other Scottish clubs, which resulted in the Old Firm having far greater revenues and therefore more money to spend on players.
Despite having more resources than other Scottish clubs, the Old Firm experienced difficulty in competing with big clubs from other leagues in terms of transfer fees and player wages due to the SPL's relatively low television revenue.
A recurring theme during the existence of the SPL was the prospect of the two clubs leaving the Scottish football set-up to join the English football league system , an Atlantic League with clubs from countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal, or forming a new European Super League.
Rangers was relaunched by a new company and were voted into the Scottish Football League Third Division. In March , Rangers chief executive Charles Green suggested that Rangers could join the Football Conference and that EU competition law banning restraints of trade could be used to overcome any legal barriers to such a plan.
The SPL instituted a "winter break" during the January of each season, beginning with the —99 season. However, this practice was removed beginning in the —01 season , forcing clubs to play throughout January and sometimes resulting in postponement of matches and significant damage to clubs' pitches.
In the seasons after the SPL's inception, Scotland's UEFA coefficient improved significantly, having been ranked 26th in —99,  they reached a high of 10th at the end of the —08 season.
In —06, Rangers became the first Scottish club to reach the knockout stage of the Champions League,  a feat repeated by Celtic the following two seasons.
Scottish Premier League clubs had almost complete freedom to sign whatever number and category of players they wish.
There was no team or individual salary cap, no squad size limit, no age restrictions other than those applied by general employment law, no restrictions on the overall number of foreign players and few restrictions on individual foreign players.
All players with EU nationality, including those able to claim an EU passport through a parent or grandparent, were eligible to play, and top players from outside the EU were able to obtain UK work permits.
The only restriction on selection was the "Under rule". This rule stated that each club must include at least three players under the age of 21 in its matchday squad.
Opinions on this rule were divided among SPL managers. A decline in television revenue resulted in relatively little spending among SPL clubs, with major transfer spending mostly limited to the Old Firm clubs.
As a result, most clubs became reliant on developing their own young players and selling them on for profit. Due to its relatively low income from television and commercial partners, Scottish clubs were highly dependent on revenues from fans attending matches.
More people in Scotland per head of population watched their domestic top-level league than any other European nation.
The Bank of Scotland , which had sponsored the league since March the League was unsponsored for most of the inaugural season , did not renew its sponsorship at the end of the —07 season.
During the SPL era, six of its member clubs entered administration. After widespread cost-cutting measures, the finances of SPL clubs began to show signs of improvement.
Both Motherwell and Dundee came out of administration in April  and August  respectively, while Livingston ended its month spell in administration in May SPL clubs were badly affected by the late s financial crisis and UK economic recession.
Between —99 and —02 , exclusive television rights for live Scottish Premier League matches were held by Sky Sports. Despite a two-year television deal being agreed with BBC Scotland in July for a significant amount less than previously offered by Sky Sports,  the ten non-Old Firm clubs confirmed their resignation from the SPL in August , citing discontent with the voting system.
In November , it was announced that a five-year extension to the contract would commence from the —13 season. The clubs listed below competed in the Scottish Premier League.
Teams in italics were founder members, who played in the —99 competition. This table is a cumulative record of all SPL matches played.
The table is accurate from the —99 season to the end of the —13 season, inclusive. Boyd and Larsson were the only players who scored more than goals in the SPL era.
There are players who scored far more goals in the predecessor Scottish Football League competition, with Jimmy McGrory holding the overall record with goals in the top flight of Scottish football.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Professional association football league, contested by clubs from Scotland.
This article is about the top division of the Scottish football league system from to For the current top division, see Scottish Premiership.
Main article: List of Scottish Premier League clubs. Main article: List of Scottish Premier League stadiums. Main article: List of Scottish football champions.
For a complete record of clubs that have won Scottish league championships, see list of Scottish football champions.
Der Tabellenerste der Gruppe mit den sechs besten Vereinen war schottischer Meister. Der Tabellenletzte der Gruppe mit den sechs schlechtesten Vereinen stieg ab und wurde durch den Meister der First Division ersetzt, sofern dieser bestimmte wirtschaftliche Kriterien z.
Vollprofitum und Auflagen an sein Stadion reines Sitzplatzstadion etc. Seit wird in Schottland im Ligabetrieb gespielt. Die zehn Vereine versprachen sich davon eine bessere Vermarktung und folglich höhere Einkünfte.
Vor allem wurde das System, dass alle Vereine bis zur Third Division an den Sponsorgeldern der Liga beteiligt werden, abgeschafft. Um einen aufgeblähten Spielplan zu vermeiden, wurde das Spielsystem auf die oben genannte Weise geändert.